RACISM IN AMERICA

Early Incidents in the Fight against Racial Inequality

Early Incidents in the Fight against Racial Inequality

Racial Inequality From the 1950s, organizations created to defend the rights of African-Americans (such as the NAACP) and some individuals started to take a stance against these different forms of racial inequality.

Rosa Parks

Racial Inequality On 5th December 1955, a lady named Rosa Parks was sitting on a local bus in Montgomery, Alabama, when she was told by the driver to give up her seat to a white gentleman. At the time African-Americans such as Rosa were expected to do this, even though legally they weren’t required to do so. But she refused. She was arrested and convicted by a court.

The Montgomery Improvement Association, a local civil rights group whose leaders included Martin Luther King, organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott in response. The city’s black community rallied around the cause, and because African-Americans made up the majority of the bus service’s passengers, the company lost a lot of money. The boycott lasted for a year, ending when the Supreme Court ruled that Alabama’s laws on segregating public transport were unconstitutional.