More and more people now move away from the country in which they were born to find work and a better future. There are a number of reasons for this, including overpopulation and the improvement in transport links. Migration can have both positive and negative effects for both the source and receiving nations.

When large numbers of immigrants enter a country, this can lead to resentment among locals for a number of reasons, chiefly economic ones. Many local people feel their jobs and homes are being ‘stolen’ by the new arrivals. However, the consequences are also substantial for the migrant’s host country.

Migration for GCSE Geography

Within the European Union (EU) everyone has a right to move freely and find work. However, not all countries within the EU have enough work; each country has its own unique benefits system; and most migrants choose a country for other reasons, often based on family links or cultural ties.

It is becoming harder for migrants from outside the EU to find work in Europe. Many countries now ask potential workers to undergo citizenship tests, or limit the number of work visas for people from outside the continent. It is becoming harder to move to Europe, but many still choose to do so.