HEALTH AND NUTRITION

Nutrition and Diet – Remember it!

Nutrition and Diet – Remember it!

A balanced diet is important for health.

  • A balanced diet must include: carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.
  • An unbalanced diet can lead to malnourishment.
  • Sometimes athletes undertake a special diet.
  • Schools have become more aware of their responsibilities concerning promoting the importance of a healthy diet which can be seen in the Whole School Food Policy.
  • The measurement used in terms of the energy your body takes from food is kilojoules or kilocalories.
  • daily energy requirement = BMR + PAL
  • In order to perform to the best of their ability a sportsperson must eat the rights amount of calories.
  • There are three main types of somatotype: ectomorphs, mesomorphs and endomorphs.
  • Factors that affect a person’s body shape include age, gender, height, bone size and muscle size.
  • Bad personal hygiene can lead to infections like athlete’s foot and verrucae.

  • Regular exercise is important for the whole of an individual’s well-being, namely physically, mentally and socially.
  • Different sports provide different benefits.
  • Fitness is one aspect of health. Being healthy is being in a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. Fitness, on the other hand, is someone’s capacity to deal with effort, exercise or daily demands with some level of comfort.
  • Someone’s fitness capability can be defined as how well certain components of their body cope with physical exertion, either separately or combined with other components.
  • Physical exercise can be had in a number of different ways including manual labour, outdoor work, walking or cycling to work or school and leisure pursuits.
  • Health related exercises focus on different parts of the body’s health.
  • Skill is important for performing well in a sport. The factors involved are agility, balance, co-ordination, power and reaction time.