CRIME AND DEVIANCE

Crime and Deviance – Remember it, Test it!

Crime and Deviance – Remember it, Test it!


Remember It!

How does society control behaviour?

Informal social controlunwritten rules enforced by positive sanctions

Formal social control – use of written laws to deter and punish illegal deviant behaviour

Social distribution of crime

Age: Younger men are most likely to commit crime.

Ethnicity: Higher crime rates among black people.

Locality: Crime higher in urban areas.

Gender: More men than women commit crime

Explanations of hidden figure

Sexual assault causes shame and fear; petty crime can go unreported; family crime can be resolved internally; employers avoiding publicity; police may not record crime.

Impact of crime and deviance on society

1.) Fear of crime changes public perceptions.

2.) Community breakdown.

3.) White collar crime reduces government funding and

4.) Corporate crime leads to industrial pollution.

Key words or terms (know what they mean!)

Deviancy amplification; moral panic; ASBO; self-report studies; victim surveys.

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Test It!

  1. What is the difference between deviance and crime? Give examples of each.
  2. What is the difference between formal and informal kinds of social control? Give examples of each.
  3. Why do you think crime is higher in urban areas than in rural areas?
  4. Describe one way in which the government collects statistics about the level of crime in society and explain why this might not be an accurate picture of the number of crimes committed.
  5. Describe one way in which recent governments have tried to reduce anti-social behaviour and explain how successful this approach has been.
  6. Discuss how far sociologists would agree that working class males are more likely to commit crimes than other sections of society.
  7. Discuss how far sociologists would agree that teenage criminal and deviant behaviour is a result of parents failing to socialise their children correctly.

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Some top tips!

  1. Print out the Test It! Questions – it will allow you to replicate exam conditions and also allows you to give your eyes a rest from the computer screen whilst doing your crucial revision.
  2. Make a copy of the Remember It! Section and put in a place that you often look at. i.e. front of a journal, next to a mirror, on a kitchen cupboard door, etc. That way you can do some cheeky sociology revision whilst doing those things you have to do!